Automated Segmentation of Postoperative Epilepsy Imaging
This study aims to demonstrate a method for segmenting surgically removed tissue in postoperative MRI using deep learning and the applications of this tool to epilepsy patient care.
Clinical (3T) T1 brain MR images (N = 55) were collected from temporal lobe epilepsy patients at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP). A U-Net convolutional neural network (Inception/ResNet backbone) was trained to segment surgical lesions in axial slices from these images, and performance was comparable to models developed in public brain segmentation challenges on open-source datasets. A clinical application pipeline was developed to demonstrate the potential uses of this segmentation model, such as assessing hippocampal remnant after surgery.
Algorithm performance was measured using the dice score coefficient (DSC), a popular metric for image segmentation models that measures overlap between the ground truth and predicted lesions. The average DSC per slice on the test set was 0.83, comparable to the mean DSC of the best models developed for public segmentation challenges (BraTS 2013 (N = 65): 0.71-0.87, BraTS 2018 (N = 542): 0.80-0.88). The average DSC per scan on the test set was 0.78.
In this study, a deep learning model was developed to segment surgical lesions with comparable overall performance to models trained for similar problems. The model’s performance demonstrates its potential to speed up manual review of postoperative MRI and be utilized in a clinical setting.